Carbofuran

Chemical class Carbamate insecticide
Chemical Structure Chemical structure of Carbofuran
CAS Number 1563-66-2
Mode of action 1A – Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
Target pests White rice stem borers, leafhoppers and budworm (Helicoverpa), and help prevent yellow dwarf virus (through the control of common brown leafhopper). Certain nematodes and cereal cyst nematodes (eelworm)
Hosts Rice, tobacco, sugarcane, wheat and barley
Formulations Granular and aqueous concentrate
Home garden use No
No of Australian Approvals and Registrations 2 active constituents, 2 products
Poison schedule Schedule 7
Australian Health-based guidance values

ADI: 0.003 mg/kg bw per day (1987)

No Australian ARfD established

Key issues

  • Carbofuran is highly acutely toxic to birds. Birds are at risk from direct ingestion or via secondary exposure from eating contaminated insects or birds.
  • Public health risks due to exposure to dietary residues. No Australian ARfD has been established – dietary intakes at the Australian MRLs result in a possible exceedance of JMPR and EU ARfDs. 
  • Use of carbofuran has reduced over the years and is currently at very low level. Low priority for review.

Stakeholder perspective

  • Current use of carbofuran is at very low levels. Not a high priority for review.

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