Chemicals nominated and prioritised for reconsideration

Identifying and nominating particular chemicals for review is an ongoing process. The APVMA regularly assesses chemicals nominated for review to ensure the highest risks are being targeted based on up-to-date information.

During 2015 the APVMA conducted extensive consultation with the public, industry and federal and state government agencies to seek input on prioritising a list of 19 chemicals, or types of chemicals, the APVMA had identified for review.

Following consultation, five chemicals have now been prioritised for detailed scoping which will commence in 2016 and the remainder will be re-evaluated by December 2016.

The details and key issues in relation to the five we have prioritised, plus the full list we consulted on, can be found below.

Before the formal review commences, the APVMA will undertake a range of preparatory work, including:

  • determining the detailed scope of each review
  • development of a work plan setting out expected milestone completion dates
  • holding discussions with industry and user groups to ensure that all relevant information is received by the APVMA before the commencement of the review.
Priority Chemical Reasons for reconsideration Status
1 Dithiocarbamates
  • Public health1
  • Worker safety2
Detailed scoping to commence in 2016
2 Second generation anti-coagulant rodenticides
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety3
3 Cyanazine and simazine
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety
4 Phorate
  • Public health
  • Environmental safety
5 Metal phosphides (only those used for grain treatment)
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  Levamisole
  • Public health
  • Target animal safety
Priority to be re-evaluated by December 2016
  Dicofol
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety
  Propargite
  • Public health
  • Environmental safety
  Fenbutatin oxide
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety
  Acephate
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  Methomyl
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety
  Trichlorfon
  • Public health
  Picloram
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety
  Permethrin
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  Chlorothalonil
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety
  Triazole fungicides
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
 

Hexazinone

  • Environmental safety
  Amitrole
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  Carbofuran
  • Public health
  • Worker safety
  • Environmental safety

1 Public health includes a consideration of mammalian toxicology and the risk to people from exposure to residues in food.

2 Worker safety includes a consideration of mammalian toxicology and the risk to people using chemical products, re-entering treated areas and handling treated materials.

3 Environmental safety includes a consideration of ecotoxicology, environmental fate and the risk to organisms from exposure to chemicals in the environment during use and remaining in the environment after use.

Abbreviations

ADI         Acceptable daily intake

ARfD      Acute reference dose

EFSA      European Food Safety Authority

EU          European Union

JMPR    The Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues

MRL       Maximum residue limit

PPE        Personal protective equipment

REI          Re-entry interval

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