Crop Group 013: Leafy vegetables (including Brassica leafy vegetables)

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
all commodities in Group 013 Leafy vegetables (including Brassica leafy vegetables) VL 0053 Lettuce head and Lettuce leaf and spinach

Subgroup 013A, Leafy greens

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 013A VL 2050
African Eggplant leaves VL 2711 Solanum macrocarpon L.
African nightshade VL 2740 Solanum villosum Mill., S. americanum Mill., S. nigrum L.
Agretti VL 2741 Salsola soda Weinm.
Amaranth leaves VL 0460 Amaranthus spp.; including A. spinosus L.; A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; A. hypochondriacus L.; A. cruentus L.; A. viridis L.;. A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L., including A. spinosus L.; including A. spinosus L.; A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; A. hypochondriacus L.; A. cruentus L.; A. viridis L.;. A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L., A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; including A. spinosus L.; A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; A. hypochondriacus L.; A. cruentus L.; A. viridis L.;. A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L., A. hypochondriacus L.; including A. spinosus L.; A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; A. hypochondriacus L.; A. cruentus L.; A. viridis L.;. A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L., A. cruentus L.; including A. spinosus L.; A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; A. hypochondriacus L.; A. cruentus L.; A. viridis L.;. A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L., A. viridis L.; including A. spinosus L.; A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; A. hypochondriacus L.; A. cruentus L.; A. viridis L.;. A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L., . A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L.; including A. spinosus L.; A. dubius C. Mart. ex. Thell.; A. hypochondriacus L.; A. cruentus L.; A. viridis L.;. A. tricolor L. A. mangostanus L. Bireumnamul, Bledo, Bush greens, Chinese amaranth, Slender amaranth, Spiny amaranth, Spleen amaranth, En choy
Aster, Indian VL 2742 Kalimeris indica (L.) Sch. Bip.
Ayoyo VL 2743 Tricizanthes cucumeria
Bambara groundnut leaves VL 0520 Voandzeia subterranean (L.) Verdc.
Barley shoot VL 0640 Hordeum vulgare L.
Bitawiri VL 2744 Cestrum latifolium Lam.
Bitter leaf VL 2745 Vernonia hybrids
Blackjack VL 2746 Bidens pilosa L.
Boxthorn VL 0462 Lycium chinense Mill.
Cat’s Whiskers VL 2747 Cleome gynandra L.
Chamchwi VL 2748 Doellingeria scabra (Thunb.) Nees syn: Aster scaber Thunb.
Chamnamul VL 2749 Pimpinella calycina Maxim syn: Pimpinella brachycarpa (Kom.) Nakai
Chamssuk VL 2750 Artemisia dubia Wall. Ex DC.
Chard VL 0464 Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. vulgaris, Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. cicla Beet leaves, Silver beet, Spinach beet, Swiss chard
Chervil VL 0465 Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffmann
Chicory leaves (green and red cultivars) VL 0469 Cichorium intybus L., var. foliosum Hegi Red-leaved chicory, Sugar loaf
Chili pepper leaves VL 0444 Capsicum annuum L.
Chipilin VL 2751 Crotalaria lingirostrata Hook & Arn.
Chrysanthemum, edible leaved VL 2752 Glebionis spp. Chrysanthemum garland, Corn chrysanthemum, Tricolor chrysanthemum
Common bean leaves VL 0526 Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Corn salad VL 0470 Valerianella spp. Italian corn salad, Lambs lettuce
Cos lettuce VL 0510 Lactuca sativa L.var. longifolia Lam.
Cosmos VL 2753 Cosmos caudatus Kunth
Cowpea leaves VL 0527 Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
Dandelion VL 0474 Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg. aggr.
Danggwi VL 2754 Angelica gigas Nakai
Daylily leaves VL 2600 Hemerocallis fulva L. Young leaves of Wonchuri
Dock VL 0475 Rumex patienta L.
Dolnamul VL 2755 Sedum sarmentosum Bunge
Ebolo VL 2756 Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore
Endive VL 0476 Cichorium endivia L. Endive broad or plain leaved, Endive curled
Fame flower VL 0514 Talinum fruticosum L. Juss.
Feather cockcomb VL 0515 Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug. DC.
Glasswort, common VL 2757 Salicornia L.
Godeulppaegi VL 2758 Crepidiastrum sonchifolium (Bunge) Pak & Kawano
Gomchwi VL 2759 Ligularia fischeri Turcz.
Goosefoot leaves VL 0477 Chenopodium spp. Good King Henry, Huauzontle
Iceplant VL 2760 Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.
Japanese honewort VL 2761 Cryptotaenia japonica Hassk.
Jute VL 2762 Corchorus spp. Jew mallow, Molokhia
Lettuce, bitter VL 2763 Launaeaccornuta (Hochst. ex Oliv. & Hiern) C. Jeffrey
Lettuce, Head VL 0482 Lactuca sativa L., var. capitata Crisphead lettuce, Lettuce Red yes
Lettuce, Leaf VL 0483 Lactuca sativa L., var. crispa L. Cutting lettuce yes
Mallow leaves VL 2764 Malva sylvestris L.
New Zealand spinach VL 0486 Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pallas) O. Kuntze, syn: T. expansa Murr. Warrigal greens
Orach VL 0488 Atriplex hortensis L.
Peanut leaves VL 0697 Arachis hypogea L.
Perilla leaves VL 2765 Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton var. frutescens
Plantain leaves VL 0490 Plantago major L. Buckhorn plantain, Common plantain
Polygonatum leaves VL 2766 Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce, Poligonatum spp.
Purslane VL 0492 Portulaca oleracea L., ssp. sativa (Haw) Celak.
Purslane, Winter VL 0493 Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd. Indian lettuce, Miners lettuce
Sanmaneul leaves VL 2767 Allium victorialis L., syn: A. ochotense Prokh. A. microdictyon Prokh.
Seumbagwi VL 2769 Ixeridium dentatum (Thunb.)Tzvelev
Sowthistle VL 0501 Sonchus oleraceus L.
Soya bean leaves VL 0541 Glycine max (L.) Merr.
Spider plant VL 2768 Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques
Spinach VL 0502 Spinacia oleracea L. yes
Spinach, Indian VL 0503 Basella alba L. Vine spinach
Tanier spinach VL 2770 Xanthosoma brasiliense (Desf.) Engl.
Violet, Chinese VL 2771 Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anderson

Subgroup 013B, Brassica leafy vegetables

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
Includes all commodities in Subgroup 013B VL 0054 Brassica spp. Leaves of Brassicaceae
Broccoli raab VL 2775 Brassica ruvo L.H. Bailey
Broccoli, Chinese VL 0401 Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra (L.H. Bailey) Musil Chinese kale, Kailan, Gai lan
Cabbage, Abyssinian VL 2776 Brassica carinata A. Braun
Cabbage, Seakale VL 2777 Brassica oleracea L. var. costada DC.
Chinese cabbage (type Pak-choi) VL 0466 Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt Pak-choi or Paksoi, Pak-tsoi or Pak-soi, Celery Mustard, Bok choy
Chinese flat cabbage VL 2778 Brassica rapa subsp. narinosa (L.H. Bailey) Hanelt
Cress, Garden VL 0472 Lepidium sativum L., L. virginicum L. Garden cress, Peppergrass
Cress, Upland VL 2779 Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton, B. verna (Mill.) Asch. Land cress
Flowering white cabbage VL 0468 Brassica rapa L. Subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt var. Parachinensis (L.H. Bailey) Hanelt. Choisum, Choi sum, Flowering Chinese cabbage, Tsai shim, Tsoi sum
Hanover salad VL 2780 Brassica napus var. pabularia (DC.) Rchb
Kale VL 0480 (including among others: Collards, Curly kale, Scotch kale, Thousand-headed kale, Branching bush kale, Jersey kale; including among others: Collards, Curly kale, Scotch kale, Thousand-headed kale, Branching bush kale, Jersey kale; not including Marrow-stem kale, no. AV 1052, see Group 052- Brassica oleracea L., var. sabelica L., not including Marrow-stem kale, no. AV 1052, see Group 052- Brassica oleracea L., var. sabelica L.; including among others: Collards, Curly kale, Scotch kale, Thousand-headed kale, Branching bush kale, Jersey kale; not including Marrow-stem kale, no. AV 1052, see Group 052- Brassica oleracea L., var. sabelica L. Collards, Kale branching bush, Kale curly, Kale Jersey, Borecole, Curly Kale
Kohlrabi leaves VL 0405 Brassica oleracea L var. gongylodes L.
Komatsuna VL 2781 Brassica rapa L. var. perviridis L.H. Bailey Mustard spinach, Japaneese mustard spinach
Maca leaves VL 2946 Lepidium meyenii Walp.
Mizuna VL 0481 Brassica rapa L. subsp. nipposinica (L.H. Bailey) Hanelt Syn: Brassica rapa var. japonica
Mustard greens VL 0485 Brassica juncea (L.) Czern Big-stem mustard, Indian mustard, Leaf mustard, Amsoi, Mustard Indian, Gai choy
Mustard, tuberous rooted, Chinese VL 2782 Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Subsp. napiformis (Pailleux & Bois)
Purple-stem mustard VL 2783 Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt var. purpuraria (L.H. Bailey) Hanelt
Radish leaves (including Radish tops) VL 0494 Raphanus sativus L., Raphanus sativus L var. mougri H.J.W. Helm Oil radish greens, Rat-tail radish greens
Rape greens VL 0495 Brassica napus L. Field mustard greens
Rucola VL 0496 Eruca sativa Mill. Syn: Eruca vesicaria Arrugula, Rocket salad, Roquette, Rocket
Rutabaga greens VL 0497 Brassica napus L., var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.
Shepherd’s purse VL 2784 Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
Ssam cabbage VL 2785 Brassica rapa L. subsp. pekinensis (Lour.) Hanelt (non-head type)
Turnip greens VL 0506 Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa Namenia, Tendergreen
Wasabi leaves VL 2786 Eutrema japponica (Miq.) Koidz.
Wild rocket VL 2787 Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) Rchb.

Subgroup 013C, Leaves of root and tuber vegetables

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 013C VL 2052 Leaves of root and tuber vegetables
Alexanders leaves VL 2790 Smyrnium olusatrum L.
Arrowroot leaves VL 0573 Maranta arundinacea L.; several cultivars, several cultivars; several cultivars
Bell flower, Chinese leaves VL 2940 Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC.
Cassava leaves VL 0463 Manihot esculenta Crantz
Rampion leaves VL 0592 Campanula rapunculus L.
Salsify leaves VL 0498 Tragopogon porrifolium L., Scorzonera hispanica L.
Sweet potato, leaves VL 0508 Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.
Tannia leaves VL 0504 Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott, syn: X. edule (Mey) Schott, X. xanthorrhizon (Jacq.), C. Koch, Arum sagittaefolium L. Blue ape leaves
Taro leaves VL 0505 Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Ullucu leaves VL 0599 Ullucus tuberosus Caldas
Velvet plant leaves VL 2795 Gynura bicolor (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC.
Yam leaves VL 0600 Dioscorea spp. Chinese yam, Greater yam, Lesser yam, Mapuey, White yam, Yellow yam

Subgroup 013D, Leaves of trees, shrubs and vines

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
Iicludes all commodities in Subgroup 013D VL 2053 Leaves of trees, shrubs and vines
Acacia shoots VS 2810 Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.
Ben moringa leaves VL 2811 Moringa oleifera Lam.
Grape leaves VL 0269 Vitis vinifera L.
Melientha VL 0517 Melientha suavis Pierre
Monkey-bread tree leaves VL 2524 Adansonia digitata L.
Okazi leaves VL 2812 Gnetum africanum Welw.., G. Buchholzianum Engl.
Papaya leaves VL 0337 Carica papaya L.
Rosele leaves VL 0446 Hibiscus sabdariffa
Sichuan pepper sprouts VL 3295 Zanthocylum simulans Hance
Toona sinensis VL 2813 Cedrela sinensis (A. Juss.) M. Roem.
White lead tree VL 2814 Leuceana leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Lead tree

Subgroup 013E, Leafy aquatic vegetables

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 013E VL 2054
Kangkung VL 0507 Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Water convolvulus, Water spinach, Kang Kong
Water clover VL 2820 Marsilea crenata L. Presl.
Water mimosa VL 0518 Neptunia Oleracea Lour.
Water shield VL 2821 Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel. Sunchae
Watercress VL 0473 Nasturtium officinale W.T Aiton
Witloof chicory (sprouts) VL 2832 Cichorium intybus L., var. foliosum Hegi; green, red and white cultivars, green, red and white cultivars; green, red and white cultivars

Subgroup 013G, Leaves of Cucurbitaceae

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 013G VL 2056 Leaves of Cucurbitaceae
Balsam pear leaves VL 0421 Momordia charantia L.
Chayote leaves VL 0423 Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw.
Ivy gourd VL 2830 Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt
Kahurura VL 2831 Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich.
Pumpkin leaves VL 0429 Cucurbita Moschata Duchesne

Subgroup 013H, baby leaves

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
(Baby crops, which are listed in the leafy vegetable group that are harvested up to 8 true leaf stage) VL 2057 (Baby crops, which are listed in the leafy vegetable group that are harvested up to 8 true leaf stage)

Subgroup 013I, Sprouts

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 013I VL 2058
Alfalfa sprouts VL 1020 Medicago sativa L
Mungbean sprouts VL 0536 Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. radiata
Radish sprouts VL 2835 Raphanus sativus L., several varieties; several varieties
Soya bean sprouts VL 1265 Glycine max (L.) Merr.; Separate subgroup?, ]; Separate subgroup?