Streptomycin, dihydrostreptomycin, streptomycin/penicillin and dihydrostreptomycin/penicillin chemical review


Streptomycin and dihydrostreptomycin are antibiotic compounds used to treat bacterial infections.

Streptomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from Streptomyces griseus bacteria. Dihydrostreptomycin is a derivative of streptomycin. The differences between streptomycin and dihydrostreptomycin are small and so, while assessing them individually, the APVMA refers to them throughout the report as (dihydro) streptomycin.

Penicillin is the generic name for a large group of β-lactam antibiotics derived from several species of Penicillium bacteria. Penicillin was not assessed individually in this review but as an active constituent in combination products with (dihydro) streptomycin.

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