Crop Group 016: Root and tuber vegetables

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
all commodities in Group 016 Root and tuber vegetables VR 0075 Beetroot and Carrot and Potato

Subgroup 016A, Root vegetables

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 016A VR 2070
Beetroot VR 0574 Beta vulgaris L., var. conditiva Red beet yes
Bellflower, Chinese VR 2940 Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC. Doraji
Burdock, greater or edible VR 0575 Arctium lappa L., syn: Lappa officinalis All., L. major Gaertn.
Caraway, black root VR 2941 Bunium persicum (Boiss.) B. Fedtsch Black caraway
Carrot VR 0577 Daucus carota L. yes
Celeriac VR 0578 Apium graveolens L., var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaudin
Chervil, Turnip-rooted VR 0579 Chaerophyllum bulbosum L.
Chicory, roots VR 0469 Cichorum intybus L.
Dandelion root VR 2942 Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg. aggr.
Deodeok VR 2943 Codonopsis lanceolata (Siebold & Zucc.) Trautv.
Ginseng (Codex Stan. 295R-2009) VR 0604 Panax spp. American Ginseng, Korean Ginseng, Pseudoginseng, Vietnamese ginsen
Horseradish VR 0583 Armoracia rusticana Gaertn. et al, Syn: Cochlearia armoracia L., Armoracia lapathifolia Gilib. Ex Usteri
Kudzu VR 1024 Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi Chik
Ladybell root VR 2944 Adenophora triphylla DC., Adenophora spp.
Maca VR 2945 Lepidium meyenii Walp.
Madeira vine VR 2946 Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis
Mauka VR 2947 Mirabilis expansa (Ruiz & Pav.) Standl.
Murnong VR 2948 Microseris scapigera (Sol. Ex A. Cunn.) Sch. Bip.
Mustard, tuberous rooted Chinese VR 2949 Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. subsp. napiformis (Pailleux & bois) Gladis
Parsley, Turnip-rooted VR 0587 Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill var. tuberosum
Parsnip VR 0588 Pastinaca sativa L.
Pencil yam VR 2950 Vigna lanceolata Benth.
Radish VR 0494 Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus
Radish, Black VR 0590 Raphanus sativus L., subvar. niger Pers.
Radish, Japanese VR 0591 Raphanus sativus L., var. longipinnatus Bailey Chinese radish, Daikon
Rampion roots VR 0592 Campanula rapunculus L.
Salsify VR 0498 Tragopogon porrifolius L. Oyster plant
Salsify, Spanish VR 0593 Scolymus hispanicus L.
Scorzonera VR 0594 Scorzonera hispanica L. Black salsify, Salsify Black
Skirret VR 0595 Sium sisarum L.
Sugar beet VR 0596 Beta vulgaris L., var. sacharifera, syn: B. vulgaris L. var. altissima
Swede VR 0497 Brassica napus L., var. napobrassica (L.) Reichenbach Rutabaga, Turnip, Turnip Swedish
Ti palm VR 2951 Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev.
Turnip, Garden VR 0506 Brassica rapa L., var. rapa, syn: B. campestris L., var. rapifera

Subgroup 016B, Tuberous and corm vegetables

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 016B VR 2071
Alocasia (corm) VR 0570 Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) G Don., A. indica (Lour.) Spach Giant taro, Kape
American potato bean VR 2970 Apios americana Medik.
Arracacha VR 0571 Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr., syn: A. esculenta DC.
Arrowroot VR 0573 Maranta arundinacea L.; several cultivars, several cultivars; several cultivars
Arrowroot, Guinea VR 0598 Calathea allouia (Aubl.) Lindl. Leren, Topee tambu
Arrowroot, Polynesian VR 2971 Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) Kuntze
Banana, Abyssinian VR 2972 Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman
Canna, edible VR 0576 Canna indica L. syn: C. edulis Ker. Gawl. Achira, Gruya, Queensland arrowroot
Cassava VR 0463 Manihot esculenta Crantz, syn: M. aipi Pohl, M. ultissima Pohl, M. dulcis Pax, M. palmata Muell.-Arg. Cassava Bitter, (CODEX STAN 300-2010); Cassava Sweet, (CODEX STAN 238-2003); Manioc, Tapioca
Chayote root VR 0423 Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz
Chinese artichoke VR 0584 Stachys affinis Bunge Syn : S. sieboldii Miq. Japanese artichoke
Chinese potato VR 2973 Plectranthus rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng. Syn: Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir.) J.K. Morton Hausa potato
Cowpea, wild VR 2974 Vigna vexillata (L.) A. Rich.
Earthnut pea VR 2975 Lathyrus tuberosus L.
Elephant foot yam VR 2976 Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson Syn: A. campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume ex Decne
Gastrodia tuber VR 2977 Gastrodia elata Blume
Giant swamp taro VR 2978 Cytosperma chamissonis (Schott) Merr., Syn: C. merkusii (Hassk.) Schott Iaraj
Goa bean root VR 0530 Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC. Winged bean root
Jerusalem artichoke VR 0585 Helianthus tuberosus L.
Kaffir potato VR 2979 Plectranthus esculenthus N. E. Br
Konjac VR 2980 Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch
Mashua VR 2981 Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz & Pav.
Oca VR 0586 Oxalis tuberosa Mol.
Pignut VR 2982 Conopodium majus (Gouan) Loret & Barrandon
Potato VR 0589 Solanum tuberosum L. and other potato species; other potato species Ajanhuiri, Andigena, Ckaisalla, Potato Specialty, Rucki yes
Sweet potato VR 0508 Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir Kumara
Tannia (Codex Stan. 224-2001, amend. 2011) VR 0504 Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott, X. violaceum Schott. Blue ape, Cocoyam, Tanier,Taro tarua, Yautia
Taro VR 0505 Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, var. esculenta Cocoyam, Dasheen, Eddoe, Kötak, Talo futuna
Tiger nut VR 0580 Cyperus esculentus L. Chufa
Ullucu VR 0599 Ullucus tuberosus Caldas
Yacon VR 2983 Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poepp. & Endl.) H. Rob. Syn: Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp.
Yam bean VR 0601 Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban, syn: P. angulatus Rich. ex DC., P. bulbosus (L.) Kurz, Dolichos erosus L. Pachyrhizus tuberosus (Lam.) Spreng. Pachyrhizus ahipa (Wedd.) Parodi Ahipa, Jicama, Potato bean, Potato yam
Yams VR 0600 Dioscorea L.; several species, several species; several species Chamma, Yam Asiatic bitter, Yam Chinese, Yam Cush-cush, Yam Greater, Yam Lesser, Yam White Guinea, Yam Yellow Guinea

Subgroup 016C, Aquatic root and tuber vegetables

Commodity name Codex code Scientific name Also known as Representative crops
includes all commodities in Subgroup 016C VR 2072
Arrowhead VR 0572 Sagittaria sagittifolia L., S. latifolia Willd.
Cattail VR 3000 Typha latifolia L.
Chinese water chestnut VR 3001 Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f.) Trin. ex Hensch.
Foxnut VR* still under CODEX consideration Euryale ferox Salisb.
Lotus tuber VR 3002 Nelumbo nucifera Geatn.
Olbanggae VR 3003 Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi
Water bamboo VR* still under CODEX consideration Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz ex Stapf
Water chestnut VR* still under CODEX consideration Trapa natans L.