In 2000, the APVMA released the diazinon draft report, which identified concerns over the potential risks to workers from some use patterns and a lack of sufficient data to support some use patterns and agricultural practices. Because of these data gaps, we asked registrants and key user groups to provide more data to support the use of this chemical.
In 2002, the APVMA released the revised diazinon draft report after receiving additional information and comments after the publication of the initial draft report. We determined that emulsifiable concentrate (EC) products without stabiliser posed an undue hazard to the safety of people and animals as these products could break down to product highly toxic impurities. We also determined that stabilised EC products used on companion animals posed an undue hazard to the environment. The 2002 report was published along with component assessment reports for residues, chemistry, agriculture, toxicology, occupational health and safety and the environment.
In June 2006, the APVMA released the Diazinon preliminary findings review report, volume 2. Based on new information, we extended the review of diazinon to consider products approved for use on sheep, cattle, pigs, goats and horses. The preliminary findings of volume 2 are supplementary to earlier findings. We concluded that the risks associated with several uses and application methods for diazinon posed an unacceptable risk to human health, trade and the environment.
The APVMA’s key preliminary findings for part 2 were that:
- EC products containing diazinon may form toxic breakdown products following prolonged storage or if diluted in oil or kerosene
- uses of diazinon in enclosed spaces, for domestic pest control and on turf may pose an unacceptable risk of inhalation toxicity from volatilisation during and after application
- all methods of application on sheep (portable and fixed plunge dipping, shower dipping and hand and auto race jetting) pose an unacceptable hazard for workers even when they are wearing personal protective equipment
- the use of diazinon in flea shampoos for dogs may pose a risk to the environment
- the use of diazinon on citrus, pastures, rice, sugarcane and stagnant water or ponds may pose a risk to the environment
- maximum residue limits (MRLs) and appropriate withholding periods can be established for agricultural use only on mushrooms, onions, pineapples and bananas
- diazinon residues in processed dairy commodities containing high fat levels (such as cheese) may pose a risk to Australia’s export trade.
In the preliminary report, the APVMA proposed that:
- EC products containing diazinon should have a shelf life of no longer than 12 months
- the label instructions for diluting EC products in oil or kerosene be removed
- all uses of diazinon in enclosed spaces (except mushroom housing) or for use in domestic pest control and turf treatments be cancelled
- the uses of products containing diazinon as dog shampoos be cancelled
- use on citrus, pastures, rice, sugar cane and stagnant water or ponds be cancelled
- MRLs be established for mushrooms, onions, pineapples and bananas and that all other agricultural uses be deleted from product labels, on the basis of inadequate residue data
- the safety directions on cattle ear tags be strengthened to prevent the use of these products on dairy cows producing milk for human consumption.